Potatoes also known as Solanum Tuberosum belongs to the same plant family as the tomato, tobacco, chilli peppers, petunias and nightshade. The Potato itself consists mostly of water, surprisingly 79%, however the remainder is an exceptionally nutritious food, full of carbohydrates, protein, and significant quantities of vitamins and minerals. More information can be found on the link below:
Potatoes are the fourth largest food crop, following rice, maize and wheat, and is the staple food for two-thirds of the worlds population.
The potato originates from the Andes in South America. Following the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, the Spanish introduced the potato to Europe in the second half of the 16th century and went by the name of papa. It is thought this name and the sweet potato known as batatas, which was introduced to Europe by Columbus having found it to be part of a stable diet in the Caribbean, got confused due to their similarities, at a time when written language was not consistently accurate at spelling. There is reference at the time to the names batatas and patatas and further …. botato.